Jul 062009
 

H1N1 , Swine Flu or Influenza A is a more severe flu pandemic where the virus of H1N1 is continuing to spread worldwide. In my country -  Malaysia, there were a few schools had been ordered closed last week due to the outbreak of H1N1. There were almost 350 cases of Influenza A being reported as of now and I believe the total number will increase if people still not practice good personal hygiene.

The Ministry of Health Malaysia had been distributed the pamphlets of Influenza A (H1N1) to remind people of their personal hygiene and the FAQ of H1N1.

Kindly refer to the below image and learn how to protect yourself from Influenza A (H1N1). If you cannot see the image clearly, I had written down all the information of the pamphlet as of below:

Wash Your Hands Properly

  • Lather hand with soap
  • Rub your palms
  • Rub each finger and between fingers
  • Scrub nails on palms
  • Rub back of hands and between fingers
  • Wash hands with sufficient clean water
  • Dry hands with clean cloth or tissue

Practise Personal Hygiene

  • Wash hands often with soap. When handwashing facilities are not available, use an appropriate antiseptic hand cleaner or antiseptic towelettes.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with tissue or handkerchief when coughing or sneezing
  • Practise healthy life style including adequate sleep, eating nutritious food and keeping physically active.

Influenza A (H1N1) – Protect Yourself

  • Wash hands – wash hands often with soap and water thoroughly, especially after coughing and sneezing.
  • Cover nose and mouth – cover your nose and mouth with tissue or handkerchief when coughing or sneezing. Throw tissue in the trash after using.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth – avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with hands. Germs may spread this way.


1. What is Influenza A (H1N1) ?

Influenza A (H1N1) is highly contagios acute respiratory disease infecting humans caused by a new virus, the result of a mutation created by the mixing of the pig, bird and human influenza virus genes.

2. Where have the human cases occurred?

Current information reveal that the earliest cases infected with new virus was first reported in Mexico in April 2009. Subsequently cases are been reported from several other countries across the world. For current updates of affected countries, please refer to www.moh.gov.my and www.who.int.

3. What are the signs and symptoms of Influenza A (H1N1) ?

Early signs of Influenza A (H1N1) are flu-like, including fever, cough, headache, muscle and joint pain, sore throat and runny nose, and sometimes vomiting or diarrhoea.

4. How do people become infected with Influenza A (H1N1)?

The spread begins when infected people cough or sneeze, infected droplets get on their hands, drop onto surfaces, or are dispersed into the air. An uninfected person can breathe in contaminated air or touch infected hands or surfaces, and thus be exposed. This is known as the human to human transmission of Influenza A (H1N1)

5. Is there any confirmation of transmission between pigs and humans at this point?

No.

6. What is the advice to infected persons?

*Seek medical attention and treatment from the nearest doctor.

*To prevent spread, infected persons should cover their mouth and nose appropriately when coughing and sneezing, and wash their hands regularly and thoroughly with soap and water.

*If you get sick with Influenza, stay at home and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them. Avoid toughing your eyes, nose or mouth since secretions from them contain the virus and can infect others.

*Avoid going to crowded/public places and/or using public transport especially when you are sick or have the influenza sign and symptoms.

7. How long can an infected person spread the Influenza A(H1N1) disease to others?

Person(s) with Influenza A (H1N1) virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and possibly for up to 7 days following the onset of the illness. Children, especially the younger ones, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.

8. How can you protect yourself from getting infected with the disease?

There is no vaccine currently available to protect against Influenza A (H1N1). However, there are certain actions that can help to reduce the spread of the virus:

  • Avoid close contact with persons who appear unwell and have fever and cough.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water thoroughly and often.
  • Avoid touching your face, especially your nose and mouth, with your hands to minimize infection.
  • In the event of being in an affected area, avoid crowded places and stay indoors.
  • Stay informed of the situation of the disease and of the appropriate measures taken to avoid being infected
  • Practise good health habits including adequate sleep, eating nutritious food and keeping physically active.

9. Is there a human vaccine available now to protect from Influenza A (H1N1)?

No. Current seasonal human influenza vaccine does not provide protection from the current influenza A (H1N1) virus. It is unknown whether the seasonal vaccines can provide any cross protection to the ongoing influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in Mexico, United States of America and other affected parts of the world.

10. Will there be a new vaccine developed for the current infection?

Yes, WHO is currently working towards development of such a vaccine. According to WHO, it would take about 4 to 6 months to manufacture.

For those who needs to seek for assistance, please don’t hesitate to call Crisis Preparedness and Response centre/CPRC, Ministry of Health Malaysia at 03-88810200, 03-88810300 ,via email: cprc@moh.gov.my or www.moh.gov.my

  26 Responses to “H1N1, Influenza A, Swine Flu – Flu Pandemic”

  1. A very details about the H1N1 virus. People should read this.

  2. Very instructive information about preventing the Swine Flu. That’s really neat. Thank you for sharing! BTW, just give a look at my last post, you’ll have a nice surprise ;) Congrats!

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  3. @blinkky: H1N1 is spreading worldwide and everyone should care about it and learn how to prevent this killing disease.

    @Benjamincip: You’re welcome, Ben. That’s really a big surprise to me and thanks for giving a chance to me to win this contest. I don’t believe that I won the first prize, still feeling so good until now. Thank you again :)

  4. the use of face masks and boosting your immune system by taking lots of vitamin-C is still an effective way of preventing the spread of the Swine Flu virus.

  5. @Melatonin Effects: Great advice, we should put on face masks while in the hospital or other crowded places to prevent the spread of H1N1.

  6. i always advice my kids to wear face masks when going into crowded areas. swine flu is really scary and i dont want my kids getting infected by it.

  7. @arthritisremedy: That’s the right action and we should practice to wear face masks in order to minimize the H1N1 cases.

  8. chk mine post too on swine flu

    Atul’s last blog post..Happy Birthday Katrina Kaif

  9. I have a relative who got the Swine Flu in Mexico. It is a good thing that he already recovered from this disease.

  10. @cystic acne treatment: Nice to meet you here and great to know that your relative is recovered from H1N1. :)

  11. Everyone is making such a huge deal about the swine flu! I know it’s killed numerous people, but are you aware that thousands of people die from the regular flu every year? I think everyone should just take this as a huge reminder to wash your hands and be clean!

  12. It sounds interesting but I am not sure that I agree with you completely.

  13. @Instant Payday Loan: That’s a good point, normal flu also killed lots of people every year and the best preventive way is to wash your hands properly.

  14. Wow that really scares me a lot to have the swine flu I think that I would not be able to live through it because I have lung problems.

  15. @online payday loans: The Swine Flu is terrible disease and killed lots of innocent people. I’m sorry to hear that you have lung problems, I hope it will cure soon. Take care.

  16. H1N1 or Swine Flu is a bit scary but it a good thing to note that this virus is not that very deadly.

  17. @anxietyboy: Glad that H1N1 now is under control now. I hope WHO can find the permanent medicine to cure it.

  18. during the height of the H1N1 or Swine Flu epidemic, i was very afraid to get infected with this disease and i wore face mask whenever i got into heavily populated areas.

  19. The top 3 most important points to understand: high fever (higher than 101 Degree F) is a sign of influenze of any strain and is a red flag; 2) time for the 2 drugs we have that can shorten the duration and severity of flu symptoms to be helpful, once the symptoms begin you must start immediately, so don’t delay in calling your insurance if you have reason to believe you might have the swine flu, swine or otherwise; finally, typically most respiratory problems are NOT influenze, as pointed out, but it can be tricky to differentiate. Call your doctor if you’re not sure.

  20. The swine flu and any type of flu can be scary. Every time you hear in the news about someone passing away from the flu is so sad and it makes you freak a little when someone you know or someone in your family gets the flu.

  21. It is unfortunate we must quarantine people who contract this flu however there are very few ways to keep it from spreading. It is amazing how quickly and easily it can spread.
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  22. @Sheena West: H1N1 is very cruel disease, therefore protect yourself is a foremost task.

    @Lucie Hince: Thanks for providing some great tips on H1N1.

    @Life Insurance Quotes Blog: I hope in the future, our doctors will be able to create a permanent medicine to cure this H1N1.

  23. i think that in asian countries the Swine Flu did not spread rapidly compared to those countries that are located in colder climates. we should still be very thankful that the swine flu did not cause massive infections.

  24. Three important points to underscore: high fever (more than 101 F) is a sign of influenze of any strain and is a red flag; 2) time for the two drugs we have that can shorten the time and severity of flu symptoms to be helpful, they must be started sooner rather than later as soon as the symptoms begin, so don’t delay in calling your insurance if you think you might have the flu, swine or otherwise; finally, typically most respiratory problems are NOT influenze, as pointed out, but it can be tricky to differentiate. Call your doctor if you’re not sure.

  25. People who understand even a little bit about virology and flu know we got lucky this time. This has absolutely nothing to do with Obama or Republicans and Democrats. It’s science. The behavior of new viruses is impossible to predict. Flu mutates. All the time. All strains. It’s what all flu viruses do.

  26. At least a hundred persons in our city have been infected with the H1N1 virus. I was very scared to get infected with this disease during the pandemic-;,

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